Document Type



This proposal advocates the position that the use of confidence wagering (CW) during testing can predict the accuracy of a student's test answer selection during between-subject assessments. Data revealed female students were more favorable to taking risks when making CW and less inclined toward risk aversion than their male counterparts. Student comments suggested CW was a good way of self-regulating point value of selected answers, assisting teachers and students on revealing which areas needed further instruction and practice and where the student's confidence was incorrectly placed. CW could be modified to assess a student's level of confidence of domain knowledge in other courses and may be of assistance to U.S. educators interested in researching confidence accuracy of reflective knowledge during testing.

Publication Date

April 2009

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Education Commons