Asking and answering questions about what culture entails and examines the fundamental properties and intertwining nature of language and culture. This text explores linguistic relativity, lexical differences among languages and intercultural communication, including high and low contexts.
Changes to a variety of OER works were made by Manon Allard-Kropp in the Department of Language and Cultural Studies to tailor the text to fit the needs of the Languages and World View course at the University of Missouri–St. Louis. Materials from the original sources have been combined, reorganized, and added to by the current author, and any conceptual or typographical errors are the responsibility of the current author.
Anderson, Catherine. Fundamental Properties of Language. https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=IDNSZYXTXFk, 2018. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/8. Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed)
Anderson, Catherine. Mental Grammar. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kLf0ZIkbUxE, 2018. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/12. Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed)
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Boroditsky, Lera. How Language Shapes the Way We Think. https://www.ted.com/talks/lera_ boroditsky_how_language_shapes_the_way_we_think, 2018. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/13. Creative Commons license, Attribution–NonCommercial–No Derivatives
Calude, Andreea S., Alex Gendler, Mike Schell, and Addison Anderson. Does Grammar Matter? https://ed.ted.com/lessons/does-grammar-matter-andreea-s-calude, 2016. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/9. Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
Center for Deployment Psychology. Military Culture Iceberg. https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=LBF6BCV1wlc, 2014. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/10. Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed)
Cultural Anthropology - Wikibooks, Open Books for an Open World. Wikibooks, 2018. https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Cultural_Anthropology. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Department of Communication, Indiana State University. “2.3: Understanding Intercultural Communication | Introduction to Public Communication.” In Introduction to Public Communication. Pressbooks; Simple book Production, 2016. http://kell.indstate.edu/ public-comm-intro/chapter/2-3-understanding-intercultural-communication/. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
Gasser, Michael. “2.6: Lexical Differences Among Languages.” In How Language Works. http://www.indiana.edu/~hlw/book.html: LibreTexts, 2015. https://socialsci.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Anthropology/Linguistics/Book%3A_How_Language_Works_(Gasser)/2%3A_ Word_Meanings/2.6%3A_Lexical_Differences_Among_Languages. GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2.
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Let’sTalkLanguage. Language Influences Thought? - Linguistic Relativity. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yxLBXP5sq3o, 2015. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/11. Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed)
LibreTexts. “3.1C: Cultural Universals - Social Sci LibreTexts.” In Sociology (Boundless), 2019. https://socialsci.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Sociology/Book%3A_Sociology_(Boundless)/3%3A_Culture/3.1%3A_Culture_and_Society/3.1C%3A_Cultural_Universals. CC BY-NC-SA 3.0.
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Pym, Anthony. Do Women and Men Use Language the Same Way? https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=Txd93vZQHWU. Accessed December 20, 2019. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/15. Creative Commons Attribution license
Pym, Anthony. What Is Diglossia? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SvcM4mpNpqs. Accessed December 20, 2019. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/16. Creative Commons Attribution license
TED-Ed and Krystian Aparta. One of the Most Difficult Words to Translate . . . https://www.ted.com/talks/krystian_aparta_one_of_the_most_difficult_words_to_translate/, 2016. https://irl.umsl.edu/oer/14. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Tylor, Edward Burnett. Primitive Culture: Researches into the Development of Mythology, Philosophy, Religion, Art, and Custom. London: J. Murray, 1871. http://archive.org/details/ primitiveculture0171tylo. Public Domain
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Prof. Allard - Foreign Language 2100
Allard-Kropp, Manon, "Languages and Worldview" (2020). Open Educational Resources Collection. 17.