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The present disclosure provides a new series of compounds exhibiting high fluorescence quantum yields in the solid state. In one embodiment, the compounds include a series of 2,3,4,5-tetraphenylgermoles with the same or different 1,1-substituents. In another embodiment, substituted germafluorenes, germa-fluoresceins/rhodamines, and germapins are described. These germanium heterocycles possess ideal photophysical and thermostability properties, which makes them excellent candidates for chemical or biological sensors, host materials for electroluminescent devices and solar cells, and emissive and for electron-transport layer components in organic light emitting diode devices.
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The Curators of the University of Missouri, Columbia, MO
Braddock-Wilking, Janet; Bandrowsky, Teresa; and Carroll, James, "Cyclic germanium compounds and applications thereof" (2019). UMSL Patents. 20.