meta-theology, fundamentality, necessary existence, Avicenna, simplicity
A meta-theology makes claims about the structure of theological claims: it identifies a single, fundamental claim about God, and shows how other theological claims are derivable from the fundamental claim. In his book Depicting Deity and other articles, Jon Kvanvig has identified three distinct meta-theologies: Creator Theology, Perfect Being Theology, and Worship-worthiness Theology. In this article, we argue that the medieval Islamic philosopher Avicenna's views about God have the structure of a meta-theology, and that it is distinct from the three projects Kvanvig identifies. This view is Necessary Existent Theology.
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Ansari, Rosabel; Dunaway, Billy; and McGinnis, Jon, "Necessary Existent Theology" (2023). Philosophy Faculty Works. 15.
Available at: https://irl.umsl.edu/philosophy-faculty/15