Computationalism—the view that cognition is computation—has always been controversial. It faces two types of objection. According to insufficiency objections, computation is insufficient for some cognitive phenomenon X. According to objections from neural realization, cognitive processes are realized by neural processes, but neural processes have feature Y, and having Y is incompatible with being (or realizing) computations. In this article, I explain why computationalism has survived these objections. To adjudicate the dispute between computationalism and its foes, I will conclude that we need a better account of computation.
Philosophy of Science
Gualtiero Piccinini, "The Resilience of Computationalism," Philosophy of Science 77, no. 5 (December 2010): 852-861. https://doi.org/10.1086/656549