Document Type



Master of Science



Date of Defense


Graduate Advisor

Jingyue Liu, PhD.


Jingyue Liu

Philip Fraundorf

Eric Majzoub


Zinc Oxide nanostructures are important for many applications, specifically for developing novel catalysts and sensors which our research group has been working on. The objectives of this thesis are: (1) synthesis and characterization of complex ZnO nanostructures; (2) development of synthesis protocols for high-yield and reliable synthesis of nanostructures. In this thesis, chapter 1 introduces the background of nanoscience and nanotechnology, with a focus on nanomaterials. In chapter 2, the fundamental knowledge of ZnO and relevant characterization techniques are introduced, specifically the crystallography of ZnO wurtzite structure and the scanning (transmission) electron microscopy. Several goals have been achieved and they are reported in chapter 3 and 4. First, the nano-pyramid decorated microwires were fabricated. A growth mechanism for those complex nanostructures was proposed. Second, surface modification such as grooved surfaces of ZnO nanostructures has been realized. Grooved nanowires, microbelts, and micrometer-scale tetra-pods are discussed. Third, the effects of oxygen partial pressure on the growth of ZnO have been investigated. All the ZnO nanostructures reported in this thesis were synthesized by a physical vapor deposition method. The field-emission scanning electron microscope was used to examine the morphologies of the synthesized nanostructures. Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy provided information on the fabricated nanostructures.

OCLC Number