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The present study examines the relationship between phonemic decoding ability and recall accuracy and reaction time in orthographically consistent and inconsistent tasks. We measured phonemic decoding ability via the Test of Word Reading Efficiency, second edition (TOWRE-II) assessment tool. The phonemic decoding task required participants to read as many non-words that are made up of different phonemes (e.g. ip, ta, ko, luddy, dord) as possible within a forty-five second window. When the reading task was complete, participants were presented with a word sequence of orthographic consistency (e.g. best, rest, test, nest, vest) or inconsistency (e.g. bone, hone, done, tone, zone), followed by a distraction task and a memory task. Here, we hypothesized that participants with higher scores on the phonemic decoding task will have higher accuracy scores in the memory task as well as potentially lower reaction times. The results of this research showed no significant correlation between phonemic decoding ability and recall accuracy and reaction time in orthographically consistent and inconsistent tasks for words in the third and fourth position of the word sequences. This research has the potential to guide future investigations into the relationship between phonemic decoding and orthographic consistencies and inconsistencies.