Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy


Education, Teaching-Learning Processes

Date of Defense


Graduate Advisor

Keith Miller, PhD


Natalie Bolton, PhD

Carl Hoagland, EdD

Keeta Holmes, EdD


There is a major nursing shortage worldwide, and amid the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential to invest in the acceleration of nursing education to meet global needs. Nursing schools had to pivot to online education overnight, and many are unsure how this has impacted students. The purpose of this study is to see if the pivot to online education, prompted by COVID-19, impacted the readiness to practice and grade point averages (GPA) of graduating Bachelor of Nursing students. In this quantitative study, a casual-comparative survey design is used to test for readiness to practice and program modality. A cross-sectional design is used to look at GPA and program modality. This data suggests that when face-to-face nursing education, though ideal, is not possible, then the online format does deliver much, though not all, of the benefits of face-to-face nursing education.