Document Type



Doctor of Education



Date of Defense


Graduate Advisor

Kathleen Brown, Ph.D.


Dr. Carol Basile

Dr. James Shuls


Sec. 1120 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 requires local education agencies (LEAs) to provide equitable education services to eligible public and nonpublic school students, teachers and parents using Title I, Part A funds. Title I, Part A is designed to equalize educational opportunities and resources for disadvantaged children. President Obama reauthorized ESEA by signing the bipartisan Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), into law December 10, 2015 and stated, “This bill upholds the core value that animated the original Elementary and Secondary Education Act signed by President Lyndon Johnson, the value that says education, the key to economic opportunity, is a civil right for all” (White House, 2015). While there has been a 14 year wait on reauthorization, ESSA could have significant financial and regulatory impact to the equitable services provision of Title I, Part A, pending the transition from NCLB of 2001 to ESSA of 2015. The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2016 will delay the ESSA implementation until the 2017-2018 school year to allow feedback and careful considerations to the regulations for this new law. During the 2016-2017 school year, LEAs will continue to follow NCLB guidance. This policy paper provides a review of current NCLB equitable service provisions which remain in effect until August, 2017. It identifies the new ESSA provisions related to equitable services, examines the compliance and financial impact to local education agencies, and offers regulatory recommendations to local, state and federal rule making committees.

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