Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy


Education, Teaching-Learning Processes

Date of Defense


Graduate Advisor

Patricia B. Kopetz, Ed.D.


Richard Kilgore

April Regester

John Heskett


The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the combination of word prediction and text-to-speech software on the writing process of translating. Participants for this study included 10 elementary and middle school students who had a diagnosis of disorder of written expression. A modified multiple case series was used to collect data over a three-week period. The participants were asked to describe in writing what was happening in a picture-based writing prompt. The participants responded in writing using a word processor software alone in the pretest condition and using a word processor in conjunction with the word prediction, text-to-speech software WordQ in the posttest condition. The results provide support for the use of the word prediction and text-to-speech features in WordQ with students who have a diagnosis of disorder of written expression. The participants’ written work was significant for having fewer spelling errors, increased syntactic maturity as measured by mean T-unit length and fewer overall words produced when using the WordQ software.

OCLC Number


Included in

Education Commons