Document Type



Doctor of Education


Educational Administration

Date of Defense


Graduate Advisor

Kathleen Sullivan Brown, Ph.D.


Lynn Beckwith, Jr.

Cody Ding

Carole Murphy


Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine the perceived effectiveness of the professional mentoring which female African American school administrators and other school administrators have received from their school district, examining the cross-racial and cross-gender pairings of mentors and mentees. After an extensive review of the literature, a cross-sectional, self-reporting attitudinal survey was designed. The survey began with a section of closed-ended questions to gather demographic information. The second section gathered information about the mentoring experience using a Likert scale. The final section consisted of one open-ended question about mentoring effectiveness. The survey was distributed to all certified and non-certified administrators in a large Midwestern school district who participated in a district-led formal mentoring program. Seventy percent of the administrators completed and returned the survey. The results of the survey indicate no significant differences in perceived mentoring impact in cross-racial or cross-gender pairs of mentors and mentees. This is important for school districts which face increasingly diverse staff and student populations in the future.

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