Document Type



Doctor of Education



Date of Defense


Graduate Advisor

Phyllis Balcerak


Theresa Coble

Keith Miller


Ensuring stakeholder satisfaction and effective utilization of non-monetary assets is critical to the overall health of an educational institution (Berger, Alcalay, Torretti, & Millicie, 2011). This body of work encases three dissertations joined by a common theme: key factors impacting the effectiveness of current educational systems. The overarching question anchoring this theme is: What non-monetary resources and experiences provide maximum positive impact on educational stakeholders? The researchers developed a conceptual framework for the priorities needed to maximize existing resources in educational landscapes.

In these studies, the researchers investigated the resource utilization and academic outputs of two elementary schools, the experiences of female leaders in education, and the impact of various types of professional development on teachers. Through these three studies, the following trends emerged: a) discrepancies along gender lines negatively impact stakeholder connectedness, b) higher levels of adaptability transfer to increased levels of teacher efficacy, and c) strategic leveraging of available resources leading to positive student outputs. Our findings illuminated the complexities facing contemporary educational institutions, while also offering key priorities to facilitate positive and sustainable transformations in academia.