The Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) program is a joint effort between the Graduate School and the University of Missouri-St. Louis Libraries. Theses and dissertations are stored in electronic form in the Institutional Repository Library's digital archive and are made available online for worldwide retrieval. All graduating doctoral and most master's students with a thesis requirement are required to submit an electronic copy of their dissertation for inclusion in the IRL@UMSL ETD collections. In addition to the Theses and Dissertations Collections there is a Ed.S. Educational Specialist Scholarly Papers collection and a showcase for Graduate Works Highlighting Diversity Themes and Issues collection.