Document Type



Doctor of Business Administration


Business Administration

Date of Defense


Graduate Advisor

Ekin Pellegrini, Ph.D.


Bettina Casad, Ph.D.

Ekin Pellegrini, Ph.D.

Gerald Gao, Ph.D.


Workplace Ostracism is a common social phenomenon that impacts individuals of diverse backgrounds, across various industries, and cultural experiences. Literature to date highlights direct and indirect relationships of workplace ostracism, concerning the psychological and behavioral outcomes an individual may experience and the impact to organizational goals. Of existing literature, studies have focused on acts of ostracism conducted in face-to-face (F2F) environments or in F2F workplace situations. With the COVID-19 Pandemic, many companies were forced into teleworking situations, where work continues to be conducted outside of the central work office or facility (remote). With the shift in working environments, the prevalence of workplace ostracism in a remote work environment is unknown; therefore, this study examines the prevalence and associated acts of workplace ostracism in a telework environment. Through our qualitative analysis, our findings indicate that ostracism does exist within the hybrid/remote environment and varies from exclusion from virtual engagements (meetings, chats, and/or calls), through limiting learning opportunities, and little to no interaction with peers regarding shared statements of work. Implications regarding the findings of the study are discussed, in addition to practical implications, limitations, and future research opportunities.